10 Hardest Mountains To Climb In The World – Updated Guide 2022

Are you an adventurous person?

If you are looking for something challenging outdoor activity to do, here I have a list of the 10 hardest mountains to climb in the world. If you are an adventurous person, and you do not have a height phobia, then you will enjoy this article, hopefully.

Being an explorative person, you must be aware of the risks that you may get into. It is not necessary that all adventures will give you only good memories. So prepare yourself for different sorts of situations.

When it is about mountain climbing then one should know the consequences like weather conditions on the cliffs and the mountain is easy to climb or not.

Along with that, you have to follow the track because losing track can also cause you a major danger. These are some important points you must know before preparing yourself to climb a mountain.

This article will help you to decide which mountain climbing would be suitable for you. Let’s jump in.😃

10 Hardest Mountains To Climb In The World

1: Annapurna

Among the top 10 deadliest mountains to climb in the world, it is the 10th highest peak which is in central Nepal. It rises to 8,091 meters in the Himalayas.

Annapurna
Source:wikipedia.org

It is fascinating for only those who are very avid or professional in climbing tough mountains because so many people never come back.

Only 191 climbers have conquered the main peak of the Annapurna. It is known as the deadliest mountain because of its death rate which is 38% and it is the highest fatality rate. About 72 deaths of climbers happened on this mountain.

It becomes difficult for a normal man to climb it because the route is dangerous. You have to walk through unbalanced ice as well as a ridge of ice which can come down anytime.

You have to manage time because you are supposed to reach the summit at the calculated time.

Its walk around the range is called an Annapurna circuit, which is one of the highest altitudes treks in Nepal.

One of the major reasons for the deaths of climbers is the storm in Annapurna and some of the climbers died while crossing the tough sections of the Annapurna.

As a climber, you have to be ready to face the snowstorm which can hit you at any time. Sometimes climbers disappear due to the low visibility and sometimes climbers get sick because of bad weather conditions.

2: K2

K2 is the second-highest mountain in the world and it is also called Mount Chhogori. It is located in Karakorum Range. 

K2
source:nationalgeographic.com

It is the most difficult mountain to climb with a casualty rate of 19.7%. It has the second-highest death ratio.

A journey to K2 has also been named a journey of no return. Around 500 climbers reach the top of K2 every year and sometimes it remains unclimbed an entire year. Due to its crags and sheers, the only cream of climbers can climb it.

Weather conditions and landslides on K2 Mountain can create an unsafe situation at any time.

It becomes difficult to climb with sharp slope and the rocks over there can come down on climbers suddenly. So climbers should take care of this.   

To reach the peak of the mountain quickly, “The Bottleneck” is the shortcut way. It seems to be exciting but it is extremely dangerous too. 13 out of 14 deaths have been occurred due to this shortcut.

The ratio of people who reached the top of the K2 is less than Annapurna that is why climbers think K2 is riskier than Annapurna.

3: Nanga Parbat

Nanga Parbat – known as Diamer. It is located in Pakistan’s Gilgit Balochistan region. It is the western anchor of the Himalayas.

Nanga Parbat
Source:jasminetours.com

Nanga Parbat has the same hurdles and death rate as the K2 Mountain. That’s why it got different names like “The man-eater” & “Killer Mountain”. 

The main reason for failing from the climb Nanga Parbat and the deaths happen because there is exposure to cold which makes it difficult for the climbers to climb in winters and reach the peak.

The southern face of the Nanga Parbat is the largest mountain face on this entire earth which is called as “Rupal Face. This southern face of Nanga Parbat rises 15,000 feet tall from its base.

Through research, it has been found that Nanga Parbat is growing faster than any other mountain.

It was conquered by an Australian climber in July 1953 after many unsuccessful attempts and deaths of 31 climbers. Now the recent death rate of Nanga Parbat is 22%.

The only death rate does not make this mountain the hardest mountain to climb but the terrorist attack which was happened in 2013 and 11 climbers killed in that event.

That worst event makes it difficult for people to even imagine this mountain for climbing. The bad climate is also one of the reasons to make Nanga Parbat climb.

4: Kanchenjunga

Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain which is 8,586 meters. It is situated in the eastern Himalayas Northeastern India and eastern Nepal.

Kanchenjunga
Source:satoriadventuresnepal.com

Its glaciers face heavy rainfall in summer and a lighter snowfall in winters.

The death ratio of Kanchenjunga is increasing day by day. After 1990, it has been increased up to 20% due to which it is becoming more dangerous. The difficult ground is also a reason for its being the hardest mountain to rock climb.

When we are going to do something exciting we always prefer to be active and energetic but Kanchenjunga is too remote and it takes almost two weeks to reach the base camp. That’s why people get tired before climbing and their excitement levels become low.

Kanchenjunga has the major risk of the storm. There are some very sharp slopes of 45°- 50° which makes the climbers nervous.

The conclusion is that bad weather, landslide, and steep slopes are the main factors in making the Kanchenjunga a dangerous mountain.

5: The Eiger

It is located in the Bernese Oberland of Switzerland. It is just 3,970 meters from sea level but still considered the deadliest mountain to climb.

It is not only the height which makes the mountain dangerous but sometimes there are other reasons too.

Do you also think that it is easy to climb a small mountain?

The Eiger
source:thesun.co.uk

If yes then you have to change your perception because The Eiger is also small but the hardest to climb.

There is a huge wall of shattered limestone, called a “murderous wall” which is in the north face. This wall is 1800 meters high and one of the largest walls in the northern Alps.

This wall caused so many deaths of climbers who wished to reach the peak of The Eiger through it.

Many people have heard about The Eiger Mountain and many climbers had to go back from a few hundred meters due to some tough sections on its north face.

Those tough sections are melting of snow, risk of avalanches, rock falls, and icefalls which can be happened anytime. But it is still popular for hiking and skiing.

Since 1935, almost 64 climbers have died on The Eiger Mountain that is also a major reason for Mordwand or murderous wall.

More than 700 climbers have climbed The Eiger but the credit goes to the Swiss guide Christian Almer, Peter Bohren, and an Irishman Charles Barrington who attempted a successful climb to The Eiger.

It is a small mountain but it took the lives of more than five dozen climbers who were the best of their period.

6: Baintha Brakk

The Baintha Brakk is a steep and jagged mountain which is located in Panama, Muztagh, a subs range of Karakorum mountains, Pakistan. It is 7,285 meters high. It is a vertical rocky granite tower.

Baintha Brakk
Source:americanalpineclub.org

Baintha Brakk’s stony nature and steepness make it hazardous among the hardest mountains. It is challenging for the elite climbers who love to climb and enjoy the challenge.

Its south face rises 3,000 meters above the Uzun Brakk Glacier. Due to its rocky nature, it is harder to summit the Baintha Brakk.

The climbers have to put their lives at major risk because they have to walk right under the unstable ice walls that could come down and take their lives anytime. The weather of that place is also unpredictable and has great altitude.

Baintha Brakk was conquered in the 1960s and was one of the toughest mountains of the Himalayas. But until 1971 no one was successful to climb this huge mountain.

It is a difficult mountain and it is proved by the fact that there is a gap of 24 years between its first and second successful attempters.

According to statistics, there are only three climbers who were victorious out of two dozen attempts. This is shocking.

7: Matterhorn

Matterhorn is located in the Sierra Nevada in the western U.S State of California. The summit of Matterhorn is 4,478 meters. As this looks exciting but Matterhorn is equally dangerous too. 

Matterhorn
source:smithsonianmag.com

It was conquered after 1865 and the climbers rushed to climb its beauty and reach the summit.

More than 500 climbers died on the Matterhorn and that is terrible. Overcrowding is also one of the reasons for these deaths.

Other reasons are flood and rockfalls on Matterhorn those caused several demises. There are 12 deaths that happen per year and this is an average death rate of Matterhorn.

There are lots of life-taking threats which you need to take seriously and prepare yourself mentally for any mishap before climbing.

So the question is why is Matterhorn so famous? It is well-known because of the variation it got in its shape. Matterhorn is a rounded hill in the beginning and later it changes into a distinct pyramidal shape due to which natural erosive forces over the last million years.

No doubt that Matterhorn is well-known but one of the most difficult mountains to climb too. Climbers have put their full efforts to climb as it high point challenges them.

After a number of deaths, climbers get aware and prepare themselves before climbing the Matterhorn and I think that is very vital. 

8: Mont Blanc

It is one of the tallest mountains in the Alps of the west. Mont Blanc rises 4, 4808 above sea level. It is situated in Russia and Georgia. It has ranked 11th position in topographic dominance.

Mont Blanc
Source:theuiaa.org

The reason for Mont Blanc being famous is its popular outdoor activities which include hiking, snowboarding, climbing, and skiing.

Usually, people take it easy but its deadly outcome rate makes it one of the hardest mountains to climb because each year 100 climbers lose their lives on Mont Blanc.

As compared to the other nine mountains it is less technical to climb. The only experience that makes you able to summit Mont Blanc. More than 30,000 climbers summit Mont Blanc.

The crowd of quite a lot of climbers at the same time is another reason for demises and this is cleared by climbers who just came back after climbing. Just like other mountains, landslide also occurs on Mont Blanc and it is renowned for its falling.

There is a route on Mount Blanc that passes through the “Grand Colouir” where there is a rock that falls very often.

The weather at Mont Blanc differentiates it from other mountains. It can get very cold even at the peak of summer. The high wind of 60 km/hr can make the situation worse anytime. Its weather keeps changing.

9: Mount Everest

Mount Everest is well-known and the highest mountain above sea level. It is located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas. Its summit point is in between the international border of Nepal and China. It is 8,848 meters high.

Mount Everest
source:indiatimes.com

It is climbers’ desirable peak to climb as well as it is deadliest too.

The fatality rate is constant since 2000 which is 1.4%. The total number of deaths that have occurred on Mount Everest is 300 so far.

The weather of Mount Everest is quite brutal. 8000 meters above Mount Everest, the section is called Death Zone which took the lives of so many climbers.

There is very limited oxygen in the death zone due to which body cells start to die and the climbers face thrombosis, strokes, heart attacks, and severe altitude sickness.

When any climber gets sick, it is difficult to bring the sick person back from the mountain due to which several climbers die there.

Like other mountains, Mount Everest’s climbers do have to face storm breakdowns, rock falls, cold weather, and exposure.

The factors I have discussed above are the reasons or risk factors that make the Mount Everest hardest to climb.

10: Dhaulagiri

Dhaulagiri
source:explorersweb.com

It is the seventh tallest mountain in the world. Dhaulagiri means “White Beautiful Mountains”.  Dhaulagiri is located in the west of Annapurna. It is one of the attractive and challenging mountains for climbers all over the world.

On Dhaulagiri, till now 73 climbers lost their lives in order to reach the top of this iconic mountain. Only 43 of them have reached the top of Dhaulagiri.

On 13 May 1960, hikers became able to conquer this gigantic peak. But after the first successful attempt, it took a decade to climb it again.

As it is 8,167 meters high so it is not possible to climb it easily. The isolated area, changing weather, and dramatic elevation rise on Dhaulagiri also make it threatening for the climbers to climb it in the first attempt.

Just like the other mountains, the reason for Dhaulagiri’s fatality rate is a landslide, high altitude, and bad weather. 

Frequently asked question

What is the world’s most challenging mountain to climb?

With a height of 28,251 feet, K2, which lies on the Pakistan-China border, is a bit shorter than Everest but is considered the world’s most challenging and most dangerous mountain to climb, earning the name “Savage Mountain.” Unlike Everest, K2 cannot be mounted “walking” up; it requires climbing from all sides. 

What is the third-hardest mountain to climb in the world?

In altitude sickness and sudden avalanches, death is the leading cause. Kangchenjunga is the third most challenging mountain to climb, with a death rate of 22%. The majority of deaths occur around areas of 8,000 meters.

What mountain has killed the most climbers?

Pakistan Alpine Club Secretary Karrar Haidri says 87 climbers have died trying to climb K2 in China-Pakistan’s Karakorum Range since 1954. Only 377 climbers have reached the peak, he said.

Which is more complex, Everest or K2?

As a result of more inclement weather on K2, the summit of Everest is a more dangerous and challenging climb. There have only been 377 people who have successfully climbed its summit as of February 2021.

Can you see the top of Mount Everest from the ground?

Two hundred thirty miles is approximately the distance between the horizon and the summit of Mount Everest, which is about 29,029 feet above sea level. From the top of Mount Everest, therefore, you can see the horizon but not the curvature of Earth. Refraction further extends the horizon.

Final Words

Above I have explained about the 10 top hardest mountains to climb in the world. Diverse reasons for being dangerous mountains have been discussed above. 

All you need to do is just decide calmly after reading this article that where you should go hiking or skiing.

If you select the right time and right people with you on your hiking trip, you will definitely enjoy it.  You should follow the route because missing the track will cause you to face trouble.

Your strategies and logic must be very technical which will make your adventure successful as well as challenging.

If you get a chance to listen to any experienced climbers, you should follow the directions. Because of their valuable suggestions, you will not be lost and also not fail. 

When you successfully climb any mountain then do share your experience with us in our comment box. I love to hear from you all. 

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